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Kamis, 12 September 2013

Contoh Recount Text : Pangandaran Beach

The tour to Pangandaran Beach started on holiday last semester. We decided to go to Pangandaran Beach by our motorbike. That was very interesting tour. Riding a motorbike from my hometown, Cirebon, to Pangandaran Beach with my best friends made me feel exited.
The tour to Pangandaran Beach began at 09.00 a.m. in the morning and it took 5 hours riding to Pangandaran Beach. There were so many story that my friends and I got when we were in the tour such as there was my friend who got lost, ran out of fuel in the middle of jungle, and so forth. But it was interesting, because it was the first moment that I ever had in touring.

We arrived at Pangandaran Beach at 02.00 p.m. and we stright to move to the beach. At beach we just lied down there to stretch our muscle because of 5 hours riding. We also had a lunch there by eating some foods that we brought from Cirebon. That was very nice moment when we shared our own food to others.

After we had enough rest, we began to explore Pangandaran Beach. Started by exploring the beach, and the sea using rented boat. Then we went to dive by renting some diving equipment. We could see many coral there. We just had 2 hours to enjoy Pangandaran Beach because we had to come back to Cirebon.

We came back to Cirebon at 04.00 p.m. It was imposible to ride in the night, so we just decided to stay over in our friend house in Ciamis and we started to come back in the morning. That was very nice experience that I and my friends ever had. We would never forget that moment.

Contoh Spoof Text

This text "The zoo Job" is best categorized as a spoof text. Why? Let's find the answer. A text with generic structure Orientation, Events, and Twist is called SPOOF TEXT in English genres. Contoh text spoof pasti di akhiri dengan sebuah peristiwa atau plot cerita yang tak terduga bagi pembaca. Hal yang tak teduga inilah yang kita namakan dengan twist dalam sebuah text spoof. Now let's the following example of spoof text! The Zoo Job Story
Contoh spoof text-the zoo job
Apa sebenarnya yang terjadi di kebun binatang?
One day a clown was visiting the zoo and attempted to earn some money by making a street performance. He acted and mimed perfectly some animal acts. As soon as he started to drive a crowd, a zoo keeper grabbed him and dragged him into his office. The zoo keeper explained to the clown that the zoo's most popular gorilla had died suddenly and the keeper was fear that attendance at the zoo would fall off. So he offered the clown a job to dress up as the gorilla until the zoo could get another one. The clown accepted this great opportunity.
So the next morning the clown put on the gorilla suit and entered the cage before the crowd came. He felt that it was a great job. He could sleep all he wanted, played and made fun of people and he drove bigger crowds than he ever did as a clown. He pretended the gorilla successfully.
However, eventually the crowds were tired of him for just swinging on tires. He began to notice that the people were paying more attention to the lion in the next cage. Not wanting to lose the attention of his audience, he decided to make a spectacular performance. He climbed to the top of his cage, crawled across a partition, and dangled from the top to the lion's cage. Of course, this made the lion furious, but the crowd people loved it.
At the end of the day the zoo keeper came and gave him a raise for being such a good attraction. Well, this went on for some time, he kept taunting the lion, the audience crowd grew a larger, and his salary kept going up. Then one terrible day happened. When he was dangling over the furious lion, he slipped and fell into the lion cage. The clown was really in big terrible situation. He was terrified.
Sooner the lion gathered itself and prepared to pounce. The clown was so scared. He could do nothing and he began to run round and round the cage with the lion close and closer behind. Finally, the lion could catch him. The clown started screaming and yelling, "Help me, help me!", but the lion was quick and pounces. The clown soon found himself flat on his back looking up at the angry lion and suddenly he heard a voice from the lion’s mouth;"Shut up you idiot! Do you want to get us both fired?".

Menarik sekali bukan membaca contoh text spoof bahasa Inggris? disamping kita bisa belajar bahasa Inggris itu sendiri, kita juga bisa merasa senang, tersenyum, sekaligus merasa terkeco dengan keahlian penulis memilih plot cerita nya That is the power of twis in any spoof texts.

Sabtu, 17 September 2011

Jenis Teks dalam Bahasa Inggris

Hai sobat lama tak jumpa, pada kesempatan ini saya akan membahas tentang Social function,Generic structure dan Language features dari 12 Genre, yaitu Procedure, Recount, Narrative, Description, News Item, Report, Analytical Exposition, Spoof, Hortatory Exposition, Explanation,Discussion dan Review

PROCEDURE

Social function Procedure: To help us do a task or make something. They can be a set of instructions or directions.
Text organization:
1. Goals ( the final purpose of doing the instruction)
2. Materials ( ingredients, utensils, equipment to do the instructions)
3. Steps ( a set of instruction to achieve the final purpose)
Language features :
  • Use of imperative ( Cut…….., Don’t mix……..)
  • Use of action verbs (turn, put)
  • Use of connectives(first, then, finally)

RECOUNT

Social function recount: To tell the readers what happened in the past through a sequence of events.
Generic Structure of Recount:
  1. Orientation ( who were involved, when and where was it happened)
  2. Events ( tell what happened in a chronological order)
  3. Re-orientation ( optional – closure of events)
Language features Recount:
  • Use of pronouns and nouns ( David, he, she)
  • Use of action verbs in past (went, studied)
  • Use of past tense ( We went for a trip to the zoo)
  • Use of adverbial phrases
  • Use of adjectives

NARRATIVE

Social function narrative: To amuse or entertain the readers with actual or imaginary experience in different ways. Narrative always deals with some problems which lead to the climax and then turn into a solution to the problem.
Generic Structure Narrative:
  1. Orientation ( who was involved, when and where was it happened)
  2. Complication ( a problem arises and followed by other problems)
  3. Resolution ( provide solution to the problem)
Language features Narrative:
  • Use of noun phrases ( a beautiful princess, a huge temple)
  • Use of adverbial phrases of time and place ( in the garden, two days ago)
  • Use of simple past tense ( He walked away from the village)
  • Use of action verbs ( walked, slept)
  • Use of adjectives phrases ( long black hair)

DESCRIPTION

Social Function descriptive: To describe a particular person, place or thing.
Generic Structure descriptive:
  1. Identification (identify phenomenon to be described)
  2. Description (describe parts, qualities, characteristics)
Language features descriptive:
  • Focus on specific participants
  • Use of attributive and identifying processes
  • Frequent use classifiers in nominal groups.
  • Use of the Simple Present Tense

NEWS ITEM

Social function news item: To inform readers or listeners about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important.
Generic structure news item:
  1. News worthy event ( tells the event in a summary form)
  2. Background events ( elaborate what happened, tell what caused the incident)
  3. Sources ( comments by participants, witnesses, authorities and experts involved in the event)
Language features news item:
  • Information on the use of head lines.
  • Use of action verbs( hit, attack)
  • Use of saying verbs( said, added, claimed)
  • Use of passive sentences ( Aceh was hit by Tsunami in 2004)
  • Use of adverbs in passive sentences (The victims were badly injured)

REPORT

Social function report: To describe the way things are (for example: a man -made thing, animals, plants). The things must be a representative of their class.
Text organization report:
  1. General classification (introduces the topic of the report/tells what phenomenon under discussion is.)
  2. Description (tell the details of topic such as physical appearance, parts, qualities, habits/behaviour).
Language features report:
  • Use of general nouns ( Whales, Kangaroo, Computer)
  • Use of present tense(Komodo dragons usually weigh more than 160 kg)
  • Use of behavioural verbs (Snakes often sunbathe in the sun)
  • Use of technical terms ( Water contains oxygen and hydrogen)
  • Use of relating verbs (is, are, has)

ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION

Social function analytical exposition: To persuade the readers or the listeners that something in the case, to analyze or to explain.
Generic Structure analytical exposition:
  1. Thesis (usually includes a preview argument. It introduces topics and indicates the writer’s position)
  2. Arguments (consists of a point and elaboration sequence. The number of points may vary, but each must be supported by discussion and evidence)
  3. Reiteration (restates the position more forcefully in the light of the arguments presented)
Language features analytical exposition:
  • Emotive words such as : alarmed, worried.
  • Words that qualify statements such as: usual probably
  • Words that link arguments such as: firstly, however, on the other hand, therefore.
  • Usually present tense
  • Compound and complex sentences

SPOOF

Social function spoof: To tell an event with a humorous twist.
Generic structure spoof text:
  1. Orientation (who were involved, when and where was happened)
  2. Events ( tell what happened in a chronological order)
  3. Twist (provide the funniest part of the story)
Language features spoof:
  • Use of connectives (first, then, finally)
  • Use of adverbial phrases of time and place (in the garden, two days ago)
  • Use of simple past tense (he walked away from the village)

HORTATORY EXPOSITION

Social function hortatory exposition: To persuade the readers or the listeners that something should or should not be the case.
Generic structure hortatory exposition:
  1. Thesis ( stating an issue of concern)
  2. Arguments ( giving reasons for concern, leading recommendation)
  3. Recommendation (stating what ought or ought not to happen)
Language features hortatory exposition:
  • Emotive words: alarmed, worried
  • Words that qualify statements: usual probably
  • Words that link arguments: firstly, however, on the other hand, therefore
  • Usually present tense
  • Compound and complex sentences
  • Modal auxiliary: can, may, should, must

EXPLANATION

Social function explanation: To explain the process involved in the formation or working of natural or socio cultural phenomena
Generic structure explanation:
  1. A general statement to position the reader
  2. A sequenced explanation of why or how something occurs
  3. Closing
Language features explanation:
  • Focus on generic, non-human participants.
  • Use mainly of general and abstract nouns, action verbs, simple present tense, passive voice, conjunction of time and cause, noun phrases, complex sentences, and technical language.

DISCUSSION

Social function discussion: To present information and opinions about more than one side of an issue (“for” points “against” points)
Generic structure discussion:
  1. Opening statement presenting the issue
  2. Arguments or evidence for different points of view ( pros and cons)
  3. Concluding recommendation
Language features discussion:
  • Use of general nouns: alcohol, abortion, smoking, etc.
  • Use of relating verbs: is, are, etc.
  • Use of thinking verbs: think, feel, hope believe, etc.
  • Use of additive connectives: addition, furthermore, besides, etc.
  • Use of contrastive connectives: although, even, if, nevertheless, etc.
  • Use of causal connectives: because, because of, etc.
  • Use of modal auxiliary: must, should, etc.
  • Use of adverbial manner: hopefully.

REVIEW

Social function review: To critique an art work or event for a public audience
Generic structure review:
  1. Orientation ( background information on the text)
  2. Evaluation ( concluding statement : judgment, opinion, or recommendation. It can consist of more than one.
  3. Interpretative Recount ( summary of an art works including characters and plot).
  4. Evaluative summation: the last opinion consisting the appraisal or the punch line of the art works being criticized.
Language features review:
  • Focus on specific participants
  • Use of adjectives
  • Use of long and complex clauses
  • Use of metaphor
  • Reviews are used to summarize, analyze and respond to art works. They may include: movie, TV shows, books, plays, concerts, etc.